Disadvantages of Road Transportation Step By Step
All companies need to take their products from the factory or warehouse to customers, whether they are distributors or end customers, and whether it is an operation in the same country or abroad.
To carry out this operation, the correct choice of the appropriate means of transport for our merchandise is necessary since it can represent one of our company’s highest costs. Therefore, it must be studied carefully and evaluate the different options that we have.
There are four possible transport routes: sea, air, rail, road, and multimodal, and to select the most appropriate means of transport, aspects such as speed, capacity, safety, cost, and type of merchandise must be considered that we are going to transport.
Road transport or road transport refers to the transportation of goods and people from one place to another. The highway is a route between two destinations, which has been paved or worked to allow transportation through motorized and non-motorized means of transport.
Road transport has many advantages compared to other means of transportation. The investment required in road transport is much lower than different modes of transportation, such as railways and air transport. The cost of construction, operating cost, and road maintenance are even cheaper than that of railways.
What is road transport?
It is the most used means of transport worldwide to be able to move goods or people from one destination to another. It is the transport carried out on highways with vehicles that work to transport goods from one place to another.
The most outstanding characteristics of land transport are:
- Promote door-to-door delivery service .
- It is mostly used internally.
- You have some limitations on how much material you can carry.
- Some of its loads are made using containers.
- It is a generator of employment.
- It is responsive and fast.
- You have freedom of transportation schedules.
- You can transport goods or people.
The history of land transportation dates from the pre-Columbian period since the Incas had a rudimentary but efficient system of roads interconnected throughout the empire, which was used to transport different types of merchandise. The transport was carried out on foot or the back of llamas so that their products could reach their destination. In the 20th century, the formation and installation of large manufacturers began, which caused a boost to the production of vehicles both for private use and for public transport and goods., as well as export to third countries.
The history of land road transport can be seen as a reflection of the evolution of society. In its early years, the needs of moving objects and merchandise were carried out using animals. Dogs at first and larger animals such as horses became essential elements of inland transport.
Drawn by horses, carts, and stagecoaches, they exchanged raw materials and manufactured products through the establishment of trade routes.
The research and innovation led to the emergence of modern transport methods: the bicycle gave the idea to create the motorcycle and this, in turn, to the car. The discovery of the automobile went hand in hand with the discovery of oil in 1882. With the First World War, transportation needs to be increased, giving rise to today’s buses and motorized industry.
What are disadvantages of Road transportation?
We continue to know the advantages and disadvantages of land transport. Given all the benefits, we must also refer to a series of disadvantages compared to other transportation means.
This type of transport allows us to move more restricted quantities of packages than other transportation, such as sea and rail. However, it offers greater flexibility.
Land transport is more limited than others in terms of long distances, air or rail transport, which are faster and better for very long distances. However, these distances allow this type of transport to send orders in different countries. Therefore, different demands are completed on the same trip.
Although the new engines are currently less polluting than the previous ones, this type of transport emits waste and pollution, both atmospheric and acoustic. However, as we say, it is a problem that is being mitigated by incorporating new advances.
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Truck controls at the French border on the National Transport Committee’s agenda. Traffic congestion. In many areas, mainly in the access to cities or industrial estates, there may be traffic jam areas that delay the measures. However, this is trying to be mitigated through alternative lines.
In each country, the limits and traffic regulations are different. In this type of transport, they can only maneuver within limits established by law, so it can be slower than other transports, depending on where you are.
Although at present, death on roads has decreased in recent years, thanks to safety restrictions, there is still a high risk of accidents in tons per kilometre.
It damages the road network.
Finally, with regard to land transport advantages and disadvantages, we emphasize the road network as the last disadvantage. Prolonged use of this type of transport can damage road infrastructures.
Road transport is the most important for goods and people due to the significant development of public and private vehicles. They have the flexibility and are not restricted to following fixed routes but can get anywhere by following the roads. In this type of transport are freeways, highways, expressways, roads of different widths, and paved or unpaved roads.
What is the loading capacity of a container?
It will depend on the container used. However, as with pallets, international standards are specifying the dimensions of each type of container.
There are also specific containers:
Open top containers:
this is a classic container, but the roof is a tarp. It is a practical solution for fragile and bulky goods since they can be loaded from the top. However, it does not allow the stacking of packages.
Half Height containers:
it is a container half the height of a conventional container. It is recommended for the transport of heavy and not very bulky materials.
these containers have openings on the sides, which allow constant ventilation during the journey. Ventilated containers are used to transport agricultural products (for example, potatoes or onions), which would risk fermenting in an airtight environment. They are also used for the transport of dangerous goods to avoid the concentration of toxic gases.
they are equipped with heating and cooling devices that make it possible to maintain a constant temperature throughout the journey, whatever the weather conditions. They are used mainly to transport fresh or frozen foodstuffs and the transportation of pharmaceutical products, flowers, or even electronic components.
There are three types of standard containers:
Rail transport: transport large volumes of goods but can only reach the places where the railroads reach. The railway has adapted to the new circumstances by developing more speed, greater comfort, and freight traffic specialization.
Special transports: they are exclusive to transport a single product, such as oil through pipelines, gas through gas pipelines, electricity through high-voltage networks, or information through the telephone network.
Private transports are carried out on their own, either to satisfy particular needs or as a complement to other main activities carried out by companies or establishments of the same subject, and directly linked to the adequate development of said activities.
The types of authorization for the transport of goods:
- MDP: known as Heavy Discretionary Goods.
- CDM or also Light Discretionary Goods
- MDSL is the acronym for Superlight Discretionary Goods
- MPC or Complementary Private Goods
Finally, the TD or Discretionary Tractor
The areas of authorizations for vehicles for the transport of goods :
this type of authorization enables to carry out transport throughout the State regardless of the distance or the Autonomous Community.
thanks to this type of permit, products can be sent and transported in the province where the authorization is domiciled. A higher also includes any territory or province bordering (regardless of whether the province is in another Autonomous Community).
This authorization enables shipments in the Autonomous Community where said authorization is in force.
transportation is only possible in the province where the permit is domiciled
this type of authorization enables transportation within a radius of 100 kilometers from where the company/company that has the aforementioned permit is domiciled.
Land transport is responsible for moving most of the country’s economic activity since it is one of the most popular modes of transportation to deliver goods from one side to the other through roads. According to the Private Council for Competitiveness, 72% of Colombia’s cargo is transported by road and 27% by rail (more than 98% corresponds to coal).
Transportation infrastructure, and especially highways, plays a vital role in the country’s growth and development. Despite the variable costs that tend to be high, unlike sea or air transport, road freight transport is the only one that has the possibility of delivering merchandise directly to its destination without the need for overloading. That is, it offers door-to-door service.
Now that we have explored the advantages and disadvantages of land transport in-depth, we can say that its many benefits greatly outweigh its disadvantages, which explains why road transport is the most used in most countries.